It’s estimated that more than 30 million Americans experience symptoms of dermatitis. This inflammatory skin condition, commonly referred to as eczema, is characterized by a red, itchy, scaly rash. It’s a long-lasting condition that tends to flare up periodically.

Many Americans living with symptoms of eczema go undiagnosed, suggesting that they may not even know they have it. If you experience periodic skin inflammation, it’s important to see a specialist for an accurate diagnosis and treatment. We’ve outlined four common symptoms that could point to dermatitis as the cause.

Just what is dermatitis?

The word “dermatitis’ is used to describe a broad group of skin conditions. However, atopic and contact dermatitis are the two most common forms.

Atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis typically begins in childhood but can develop in adults as well. While we don’t know the exact cause of atopic dermatitis, we do know that it occurs when you come into contact with a substance that triggers the immune system to overreact, producing inflammation that causes your skin to become itchy, red, and irritated.

People who have other allergic conditions such as asthma often have eczema. Triggers are highly individual. Allergens such as pollen and pet dander are common triggers. Food allergies can also exasperate atopic dermatitis. In some patients, changing weather or stress triggers eczema symptoms.  

Contact dermatitis

Contact dermatitis occurs when your skin comes in contact with a substance that causes an inflammatory reaction. This can happen if you use a new skin care product or change detergents. The chemicals can cause your skin to become irritated and inflamed.

Like atopic dermatitis, triggers vary depending on the individual. Latex, perfumes, jewelry made of nickel, and certain chemicals in detergents are common triggers.

Dermatitis symptoms

A dry, scaly, itchy, red rash is the most common symptom of eczema. The rash tends to come and go, and you may experience brief or long periods without a flare-up. Dermatitis can occur anywhere on the body. It most commonly appears on the face, backs of knees, hands, feet and wrists. In children, eczema often appears on the cheeks. You may have dermatitis if you experience:

  • Skin reddening
  • Dry, scaly, cracking skin
  • Blisters that ooze
  • Skin itching

Some people with contact dermatitis may experience more serious allergic symptoms, including swelling of the face, eyes and other areas.

How can I know if I have dermatitis?

It’s important to avoid self-diagnosis. Even if you have the symptoms commonly seen in dermatitis, you may have another condition altogether. At Riviera Allergy Medical Center, allergist Dr. Ulrike Ziegner can examine your skin and review your medical history to rule out other skin conditions.

If you suspect that you have contact dermatitis, Dr. Ziegner may perform a patch test. This allergy test can help identify substances that are causing your symptoms.

How is dermatitis treated?

Having eczema can significantly hinder your quality of life. Effective management of your symptoms is key to living well with eczema. Managing eczema involves three main approaches:

  • Discovering and avoiding triggers
  • Adopting a moisturizing routine
  • Using medication consistently

In addition to these three key factors, patients with eczema must watch for complications, such as an infection.

If you experience blisters that ooze fluid, it’s possible to develop an infection. Signs of infection include pain, pus and a feeling of heat in the area. Contact your us immediately if you notice signs of an infection.

Working with a care team that is expert in dermatitis care can help you get the right treatment and get your symptoms under control. For testing, diagnosis and effective management of dermatitis, call Riviera Allergy Medical Center in Redondo Beach, California, to schedule an appointment, or book your visit online.

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